Work cities
Campbell, Felicia, and Pamela Valera. “‘The Only Thing New Is the Cameras’: A Study of U.S. College Students’ Perceptions of Police Violence on social media.”
Journal of Black Studies, vol. 51, no. 7, 2020, pp. 654–670., doi:10.1177/0021934720935600.

Embrick, David G., and Wendy Leo Moore. “White Space(s) and the Reproduction of White Supremacy.”
American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 64, no. 14, 2020, pp. 1935–1945., doi:10.1177/0002764220975053.

Good start locating sources. I think the first two sources (Campbell/Valera & Embrick/Leo Moore) are excellent! As a third source, I would suggest that you sue a source that can give you a sense of police brutality over time and this article below might be useful because it connects contemporary police violence to changes during the War on Drugs:

 Great ideas, Firstly, I think the approach to studying Black communities as an outlaw group in the context of police brutality is a very good topic. I suggest that you decide on a specific country to study, such as the United States. ( I want you to write about US) In the social movement’s discussion of your paper, you can then give examples of how people have protested this kind of violence against Black communities in the U.S. and in other countries. I think that the best option would be to use the “elite white male dominance system” (Feagin and Ducey) theory for your paper. I encourage you to look at their discussion of racist framing (what they call the “white racial frame”) because it can help you understand how this group has been framed and, therefore, targeted for violence historically.In reflecting on contemporary politics, political theorist Agamben (1998) writes that “homo sacer” or “sacred man” is he who “may be killed but not sacrificed” (p.82). Another term for “homo sacer” is an “outlaw,” or someone who is not afforded full political rights of a community and can be punished outside the law. Along with other political theorists, Agamben argues that a quintessential feature of contemporary politics is how states define whose lives are valuable and whose lives can be made exceptions to the law and may be extinguished.

In this project, you will closely investigate and research a type of “outlaw” to understand how a particular state defines and assigns value to human life. You will draw on existing course material as well as new sources that you locate to prepare your paper.

You are invited to study an “outlaw” in one of the following three contexts (or another context with approval):

Extrajudicial punishment: a type of state violence in which an individual faces brutality and acts of violence in the absence of being formally charged and convicted of a particular crime.

· See
coverage of global protests against police brutality for inspiration about cases beyond the U.S. or consider drones, as we studied with the Chamayou reading. The study of refugees and the violence they face might also be appropriate to study here.


You will prepare a

paper that is approximately 4-5 double-spaced pages, not including references.
Your paper should include the following three specific sections I outline below. You must also provide in-text citations and a full reference list with complete bibliographic information in ASA (American Sociological Association) and you can visit OWL Purdue
here to see how ASA-style reference look).

The paper should be organized into the following sections.
Be sure to write an
introduction as well
. Each section should draw
on reliable and accurate sources (including academic research articles, books, newspapers, and/or governmental data).

1. Theoretical Approach
a. In this section, you will identify a theoretical approach from Section I of the course and discuss how this theoretical approach can help explain the “outlaw” issue you are studying. You should explain the theoretical approach (what are the key arguments in this theory?) and then you should make an argument for how this theoretical perspective is a useful way to approach your topic and how it can offer insights about the issue you are studying. You should also present clearly the case that you are examining (the country) and why you have chosen this case to study.

2. Sociological Approaches
a. In this section, you will

existing peer-review studies related to “outlaw” issue that you are researching. You should describe findings from

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