So I have attached the assignment 6 and week 11 and week 12 slides you just have to find answers. its not complicated but need a focus reading Please find below Assignment 6 . This assignment is based on study materials assigned for weeks 11-12.Once you have finished answering the questions, rename the file following this convention:Assignment 6 [your name] [your ID].For example, if your name was Tyler Miller and ID was 3055648, you would name the file as:Assignment 6 Tyler Miller 3055648 Please upload files in MS Word compatible formats only (*.docx, *.rtf). DO NOT submit in any other format. DO NOT send scanned images or insert them into the document. Also, if you miss the deadline, a 10% of the total points per day penalty will be applied.Download
So I have attached the assignment 6 and week 11 and week 12 slides you just have to find answers. its not complicated but need a focus reading Please find below Assignment 6 . This assignment is base
Assignment 5Total marks = 50 Part A (40): 29.5 Part B (10): 8 Total: 37.5 – 10% for very late submission = 32.5 Name (full name): Abdul Haseeb Khan Student ID: 3079709 Failure to write full name and ID will result in a 2% penalty on the marks obtained. PART A (Climate Change and Ozone Loss; MB Climate and Green Plan) Answer the questions below. For multiple choice questions, please make the chosen answer (the entire sentence) BOLD or underlined. 1. A warmer arctic would mean: [1] a. Ice and snow would melt b. Vast quantities of methane would be released c. Bacterial decomposition of organic matter would begin d. All of the above 2. Core ice data indicates that before a new ice age begins, the current interglacial period could last for another: [1] a. 10,000 years b. 12,000 years c. 15,000 years d. 25,000 years 3. According to the IPCC terminology, a very likely event corresponds to a probability of occurrence of: [1] a. 70%-80% b. 75%-85% c. 80%-90% d. 90%-99% 4. Which one of the following GHGs has the greatest relative warming potential? [1] a. CO2 b. N2O c. CCl4 d. Halons 5. Globally speaking, which of the following is responsible for the largest amount of CO2 release? [1] a. Agriculture b. Transportation c. Stationary combustion d. None of the above 6. China is presently the largest emitter of CO2. It is responsible for what percent of the world’s cumulative emission? [1] a. 37% b. 21% c. 15% d. 5% 7. In the last 100 years, the world’s average sea level has increased by about 4-8 inches due to: [1] a. Melting of sea ice b. Global warming c. Both (a) and (b) d. None of the above 8. Which of the following parts of the world has the lowest albedo? [1] a. Clouds b. Grasslands c. Bare sand d. Ice covered lakes 9. Climate change can lead to: [1] a. Loss of habitats b. Beach erosion c. Spread of tropical diseases to temperate areas d. All of the above 10. Manitoba’s Climate and Green Plan sets out a number of pillars as its integrated focus that include: [1] a. Climate b. Water c. Jobs d. all of the above e. (a) and (b) only Earth’s past temperature and climate changes are estimated by analysis of: [1] radioisotopes in rocks ice cores extracted from glaciers and ice caps pollen from lake bottoms and bogs all of the above Because of the impact of natural heating and cooling, the Earth’s average surface temperature is about: [1] 10 degrees Celsius 15 degrees Celsius 20 degrees Celsius 21.5 degrees Celsius What do the following acronyms stand for? [0.5×2=1] GCM: General Circulation Model X b. ODC: Ozone Depleting Chemicals X [partial credits: -0.5] Global warming can cause large amounts of methane to be released from bogs, wetlands and permafrost regions. This is an example of: [1] negative feedback loop positive feedback loop carbon neutral loop none of the above Some chemicals found in ozone depleting substances that act as catalysts include: [1] Chlorine Bromine Both (a) and (b) none of the above 16. The keystones of the climate pillar include: [1] a. Innovation and cleantech b. Adaptation c. Conservation d. All of the above 17. Carbon pricing may include: [1] a. Added levy on fuel b. A cap and trade system c. both (a) and (b) d. None of the above 18. If a person drove 2,250 kilometers during a road trip in summer, approximately how much CO2 would have been emitted as result? [1] a. 1.5 tonnes b. 2.0 tonnes c. 1.0 tonne d. 0.5 tonne 19. If Manitoba had chosen to rely on thermal generation of electricity, its overall carbon emission would have been: [1] a. 21 MT b. 42 MT c. 33 MT d. none of the above 20. Which of the provinces has a hybrid system for curbing carbon emissions? [1] a. Alberta b. British Columbia c. Ontario d. Quebec 21. Demand-side management (of energy consumption) would include: [1] a. Reducing consumption of fossil fuel b. Improving energy efficiency for economic sectors c. Using more renewable energy d. All of the above 22. Manitoba wanted to set its carbon price to: [1] a. $10 per tonne b. $20 per tonne c. $25 per tonne d. None of the above 23. When will the national review on climate policies and carbon pricing take place? [1] a. in 2020 b. in 2022 c. in 2025 d. none of the above 24. In the Made-in-Manitoba plan, how much emission reduction is expected from retrofitting heavy-duty trucks? [1] a. 400 Kt b. 300 Kt c. 150 Kt d. 100 Kt 25. Output based pricing will be applied to large industrial emitters in Manitoba. This will be based on: [1] a. Pre-set amount of emissions per year b. designated emission intensity performance standard c. both (a) and (b) d. None of the above 26. Stable ecosystems exhibit features that can be emulated in industrial ecosystems such as: [1] a. a state of minimum entropy production b. high degree of material recycling c. both (a) and (b) d. None of the above 27. An important output of the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro was: [1] a. Our Common Future b. 7-Golden Rules of Sustainable Developmentc. Agenda 21 d. All of the above 28. What is the study of industrial systems that operate more like natural ecosystems called? [1] Industrial Ecology (IE) The main tools necessary for implementing sustainable development include: [1] a. Information technology b. Industrial ecology c. Cleaner production d. All of the above 30. One way to deal with market barriers to adopting IE principles is to: [1] a. Invest in research and innovation b. Set up an information clearing house or exchange c. Remove barriers to cross-border trade d. All of the above 31. Which North American financial exchange allow trading of scrap metals? [1] The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) 32. More flexible command and control type regulation might: [1] a. improve environmental quality more cost effectively b. promote more reuse and material recovery c. both (a) and (b) d. None of the above 33. Key attributes of eco-industrial park include: [1] a. clustering in close physical proximity b. minimizing energy and material waste c. bartering and external sales of waste d. All of the above 34. Design rules consistent with the notion of industrial ecology include: [1] a. Close material loops b. Use energy cascades c. Enhance system metabolism d. All of the above 35. Legislations and incentives to encourage EIP in Canada would support the notion that: [1] a. process redesign should take priority over trading toxins b. private sector should be responsible for financing all infrastructure cost c. both (a) and (b) d. None of the above 36. In the Denmark EIP example of IE, which one(s) of the following were reused within the industrial complex? [1] a. Gas b. Steam c. Heat d. All of the above 37. Which by-product is used in the production of liquid fertilizer in the Kalundborg EIP? [1] a. sulphuric acid b. liquid slurry c. ammonium thiosulphate d. Calcium phosphate 38. Criteria for enhancing symbiosis among participating industries in an EIP include: [1] a. environmental awareness b. technical assistance through CP/IP experts c. both (a) and (b) d. None of the above 39. Elements that are important determinants of the success of any EIP project include: [1] a. substantial infrastructure investment b. information sharing among members c. synergies are identified during the planning stage d. All of the above 40. One of the benefits of building a common effluent treatment plant is that: [1] a. it provides information on possible links between processes b. it helps to reduce emission of harmful gases and particulate matter close to zero c. it helps to increase the diversion rate of solid waste d. All of the above PART B (Plastics Pollution Science Assessment) More research on plastics is needed to understand: [1] The effect of macroplastics on human health The ecotoxicological effects of micro-plastics Both (a) and (b) None of the above Recent reviews by WHO and other agencies indicate a low concern for human health from chemicals present on microplastics from food or water. [1] True False To date, studies done on the health effects of microplastics on humans and animals is inconclusive. [1] False True The most abundant types of microplastics found in water globally is called polyethylene terephthalate [1] X Of the total amount of plastic waste generated in Canada, approximately what percent is incinerated? [1] 9% 1% 4% None of the above Macroplastic is defined as plastic particles greater than or equal to 5 mm in size. [1] True False One of the key research themes of CAPSA is “plastic design and alternative.” Based on online research, write a short note on how R&D in this area can help reduce plastic waste and pollution. [4] The “plastic design and alternative” theme of CAPSA can be implemented in numerous ways. First, the plastic deign should prohibit the designing of plastics that have plastic beads. Micro beads are common in some body washes, face scrubs, and toothpastes which can make them leaking into the ocean through sewers. The deigning of plastic bags without microbeads will play a major role in reducing plastic wastes and pollution. For plastic design, policymakers and consumers need to understand that the flow of disposable plastics should be stopped and be replaced by more sustainable carrier bags. Sustainable use carrier bag should replace the single use, throw away plastic bags that are currently being widely used (Van Sebille, Spathi, & Gilbert, 2016). For example, consumer products could be packaged in alternative material like alternative technologies or natural materials like paper, cotton, and wood to be complemented by algae, fungi, or even pineapple leaves. Some habits like cooking more at home will reduce the number of plastics food containers disposed to contaminate the environment. The people should be educated from buying bottled water, but instead, they should carry re-usable water bottles. This will help reduce marine contamination from plastic bags and synthetic clothing, thus reducing plastic wastes and pollution. References Van Sebille, E., Spathi, C., & Gilbert, A. (2016). The ocean plastic pollution challenge: towards solutions in the UK. Grant. Brief. Pap, 19, 1-16.
So I have attached the assignment 6 and week 11 and week 12 slides you just have to find answers. its not complicated but need a focus reading Please find below Assignment 6 . This assignment is base
Part 1 (50): Part 2(8): Total (58): Assignment 6 Name (full name): Student ID: Failure to write full name and ID will result in a 2% penalty on the marks obtained. Answer the questions below. For multiple choice questions, please make the chosen answer (the entire sentence) BOLD. Part 1 In a pure free-market economic system, what happens if the price of a product is too high? Supply exceeds demand Demand exceeds supply Shortages occur None of the above Which of the following would be a reason for governments to interfere with free markets? To provide national security To ensure public health and safety Government should not be in the business of providing services Both (a) and (b) Using natural capital more efficiently is important to which economic viewpoint? Neoclassical Ecological Malthusian None of the above In calculating the genuine progress indicator, which of the following is added to the gross domestic product? Harmful environmental costs Harmful social costs Benefits in which no money changes hands All of the above From an environmental economics perspective, what does a full-cost price include? Internal costs minus external costs Internal costs plus external costs External costs minus internal costs None of the above Which of the following strategies is “most likely” to contribute to reducing poverty in developing countries? Providing soft loans to developing countries Debt forgiveness for developing countries Privatization of public enterprises All of the above 7. What would the demand and supply curves look like that are associated with a market in which price, supply, and demand are the only factors involved? They would be reciprocal of each other. They would run parallel to each other. They would intersect at the market equilibrium. None of the above. 8. Environmentally sustainable economic development would have the following characteristics: a. Maximize the flow of resource throughput b. Minimize end-of-pipe pollution c. Adopt a precautionary principle d. All of the above 9. Which Canadian province was the first to introduce a revenue-neutral price (tax) on carbon emissions? a. Ontario b. Quebec c. Manitoba d. British Columbia 10. Which indicator measures the health of ecosystems, among other things? a. Genuine progress indicator (GPI) b. Gross domestic products (GDP) c. Human Development Index (HDI) d. Canadian Index of Well-being (CIW) 11. Internalizing external costs would result in: a. Reduced pollution. b. Innovations in pollution control and energy efficiency. c. Increased consumer awareness about the true cost of goods. d. All of the above. 12. What does cost-benefit analysis do? a. It compares environment damages to environment benefits. b. It analyzes data to determine the most economically efficient course of action. c. It unequivocally assesses the real costs of doing business. d. It provides bottom-line numbers. 13. What did the results of most studies of the effects of environmental regulation on U.S. businesses show? a. environmental regulation discouraged the efficient use of resources b. environmental regulation decreased profits c. environmental regulation encouraged developing new innovative products d. all of the above 14. The appropriate discount rate for protecting an ecologically sensitive habitat is: a. higher than what is typically used for regular business investments b. about the same as the rate used for other development projects c. significantly lower compared to what is used for other development projects d. CBA cannot be used to assess such projects 15. Estimates produced by cost benefit analyses should not be taken for granted because: a. Not all costs and benefits can be easily or reliably monetized b. There are significant disagreements regarding what discount rate should be used c. The results are often manipulated by project proponents or opponents d. All of the above What are the two key weaknesses of the neoclassical model of the economy as pointed out by Harman Daly? [0.5×2=1] 17. Which country’s Green Plan includes integrated life-cycle management and public awareness programs? a. France b. Netherlands c. Sweden d. USA 18. Micro-loans are provided to rural poor and women by Grameen Bank in which country? a. Bangladesh b. India c. Nigeria d. None of the above 19. Adding external costs to the cost of goods and services would counter the amount people now pay for poor health, high-priced insurance, and pollution controls. a. Trueb. False 20. Items made from natural resources such as tools, machines and factories are called natural capitals. True False “When it is asked how much it will cost to protect the environment, one more question should be asked: How much will it cost our civilization if we do not?” Who made this statement? 22. Environmental economists generally agree on the notion of weak sustainability and propose to correct market imperfections by reforming current economic systems rather than completely redesigning them. This statement is: True False 23. An advantage of using market-based tradable permits for pollution and resource-use would be that big polluters and resource users won’t be able to buy their way out. True False 24. In a purely free-market economic system: Buyers and sellers freely interact without any restrictions or influence There are no barriers to entry or participate in the market transactions Parties have access to all pertinent information All of the above 25. Implementation of which measure would require the government to reduce income or payroll taxes and enforce a safety net for poor and middle-class citizens? Sin tax Value added tax Inheritance tax Green tax 26. The increase in total cost from producing one more unit of good or service is called: Variable cost Marginal cost Average cost Fixed cost 27. A consumer making a significant change in consumption in response to a change in price is an example of: 28. Markets are generally the best providers of private and public goods. True False 29. Which of the following is an example of market failure (when the quantity produced and consumed are not socially efficient)? Monopoly Oligopoly External costs All of the above 30. The tool used to identify products produced by environmentally sound methods is called: Full-cost pricing Eco-labelling Green washing None of the above 31. The GDP for a nation is 35 billion dollars; the value of nonmarket transactions of goods and services is 5 billion dollars; and the value of external costs is 15 billion dollars. The GPI for that country is: 45 billion dollars 55 billion dollars 35 billion dollars 25 billion dollars 32. One limitation of CBA is that it does not include the monetary value of resources or services that cannot be determined based on market-based transactions. True False 33. People’s willingness to pay for preservation of natural capital for use in the future is called: Option value Bequest value Both (a) and (b) None of the above 34. Environmentally harmful subsidies and tax breaks cost the world around (in US$): 1.5 trillion dollars annually 1.75 trillion dollars annually 1.9 trillion dollars annually 2.1 trillion dollars annually 35. Which of the following is an example of innovation driven management? Total quality management Clean technology Process design management All of the above History shows that significant social changes cannot come without: an issue that has crossed the threshold the presence of a charismatic leader a supportive regulatory framework a strong base of grassroots support Name the Canadian Act that controls pollution related to shipping through Arctic waters: A modern and effective organizational decision-making structure have the following characteristic: it has a hierarchical structure with an increasingly powerful layers of decision makers at the top it has a relatively flat structure with few mid-level or senior managers it has many staff trained in lean and six sigma methods all of the above Many political leaders and decision makers lack adequate ecological literacy. As a result, their environmental policy decisions often do fail to incorporate: Integrative principle Reversibility principle Humility principle All of the above The person who has been labeled as the world’s greatest living freshwater ecologist is: David Suzuki David Schindler Mark Jaccard Maude Barlow Name two branches of government in a constitutional democracy: [any two] When an individual or a group is asking to stop whatever action is causing the harm to the environment or public health, legally speaking, they are seeking for: Deferment Mediation Injunction None of the above The right of the public to defend the environment is enshrined in the Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR). The EBR recognizes this right in practical terms by: Making it easier for citizens to use the court system to defend the environment Increasing the protections afforded to employees who engage in whistle-blowing in defense of the environment Making the government’s environment-related decisions more transparent. All of the above The NGO that have brokered debt-for nature swaps for environmental conservation is: International Union for Conservation of Nature World Wide Fund for Nature Nature Conservancy All of the above The micro-finance scheme has been shown to be very effective in reducing rural poverty as: about a third of the borrowers move above the poverty line within five years about a quarter of the borrowers move above the poverty line within five years about half of the borrowers move above the poverty line within five years none of the above The features that can hinder the ability of a democratic government to properly deal with an environmental issue may include: tendency to react to short-term, isolated environmental problems many elected officials tend to spend their time dealing with immediate issues too many political leaders do not understand how the Earth’s natural systems work and how they support all life, economies, and societies all of the above About half of the global population is trying to survive on: less than a dollar (US) a day less than $1.25 (US) a day less than $2 (US) a day less than $3 (US) a day Which economic policy tool can be criticized on the ethical ground that it grants industries legal rights to pollute? Major environmental treaties have not been very successful in achieving their goals because of: Week compliance Week enforcement Lack of targets and timetables All of the above “Resources move from the poor to the rich, and pollution moves from the rich to the poor.” Who made this statement? Gregory Mankiw Herman Daly Gord Miller Vandana Shiva Part 2: Short questions [8] Suppose that over the next 20 years the current harmful environmental and health costs are internalized so that their marker costs reflect their full social cost. Give four examples of how this transformation will impact your life-style. [4] Name a person who you would consider to be a great example of an environmental leader. Discuss with examples two characteristics of this person that make her/him a great leader. [4]

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